A smart city is an urban development vision to integrate multiple information and communication technology (ICT) and Internet of things (IoT) solutions. It is an application of compound systems to integrate the operation of urban infrastructure and services such as buildings, transportation, electrical and water distribution, and public safety.
A smart city can be described as a city that:
• Allows real-world urban data to be collected and analyzed by the use of software systems, server substructure, network infrastructure, and client devices.
• Implements solutions, with the support of instrumentation and interconnection of sensors, actuators, and mobile devices.
• Can combine service production and an intelligent environment, exploits accessible information in its activities and decision making and adopts information flows between the municipality and the urban or business community.
A city becomes “smart” when it is instrumented, interconnected, adaptive, autonomous, learning, self-repairing, and robust. Parts of its infrastructure and facilities are digitally connected and optimized by using ICT to deliver services to their citizens and other stakeholders.
Intelligent cities, refers to a wide range of electronic and digital applications related to digital spaces of communities and cities, for example smart grids, smart meters, and other infrastructure for electricity, water supply, and waste management. Another related label is “cyber city”, derived from cybernetics, cyberspace, city governance and control based on information feedback.
A few of the flagship smart cities are Amsterdam, Barcelona, Laguna Croata, Madrid, Manchester, Milton Keynes, New Songdo City, Santa Cruz, India, Smart Nation Singapore and Stockholm.
We will talk about the tech behind these smart cities next week. Stay tuned.